Offers at current exhibitions

Ausstellungsansicht »Zeitlos schön?«, 2023, Foto: Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz/Frank Krüger

Glossary

This concept is part of the current exhibition “Vier Frauen. Vier Lebensläufe“.

Terms that may be unfamiliar to people for a variety of reasons have been explained for visitors in this exhibition. In the descriptions, they can be identified by the bold type and the * asterisk in the corner.
The glossary with all the terms can be found in the second room of the exhibition. There they are collected in a box and explained on a card.

 

Click on the particular term to download the glossary card and save it onto your smartphone.

 

Nude

Artistic depiction of a naked human body

 

 

 

Metaphor

Verbal image; figurative expression

For example: seeing the light at the end of the tunnel; seeing crystal clear

Workers’ and Farmers’ Faculty (ABF)

Educational institution at which young people from workers’ and peasants’ families, that is, whose parents often had no higher-level education, were prepared for attendance at university. Prior to that, university education had been reserved for the upper academic social stratum. ABFs were attached to almost all universities and academies in the GDR. They existed from 1949 until almost they were all disbanded in 1963.

 

Montage

The mechanical combination and assembly of different parts of an image

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aesthetics

A set of principles of beauty; the science of what is perceptible by the senses

 

 

Negative (Positive)

The image on the exposed film of an analogue photo camera. Compared with the original motif, the coloration is inversed and the motif reversed.

By contrast, a positive is a photo-copy or enlargement on paper printed in the original colours.

autodidactic

self-taught, without instruction from an experienced person

 

 

Opening of the Borders

The political turnabout; designation of the Peaceful Revolution of 1989/1990, during which people in the GDR took to the streets to protest against the established political system. Consequently, in November 1989, the border between the FRG and the GDR was opened and Germany was no longer divided.

Bauhaus

A style of art; school of applied art, design and architecture. It was founded around 1919 and pursued the idea of teaching and reimagining various artistic techniques and disciplines. Over the following decades and beyond, Bauhaus influenced the understanding of design with, for instance, series production and the interplay of geometrical forms, materials and colours.

 

Portrait

Pictorial representation of a person

 

 

 

 

East German state advertising agency (DEWAG)

Advertising company which, as a state-party establishment, had a unique position in the field of advertising and publicity with no competition. It was to be found in every district capital of the GDR.

 

radial

arranged like rays

 

 

Photo design

Creative and artistic interaction with the medium of photography, through which something visibly gets crafted

 

repetitive

something that is repeated

 

Graphical photography

A form of artistic photography in which particular emphasis is placed on the graphic impact achieved by lines, planes and structures

 

Depth of field

Limited area in a photograph in which parts of the image, dependent on their distance, are sufficiently sharp (in focus)

 

Academy of Fine Arts Dresden (HfBK)

Place of training in Dresden for the fine arts, such as painting, sculpture or architecture, founded in 1764 as an academy of arts. In 1950 the school was given its current name »Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden« (Academy of Fine Arts Dresden).

 

Series

Several similarly executed works that form a cohesive series

 

 

 

Academy of Fine Arts Leipzig (HGB)

Place of training in Leipzig for fine arts, such as book design, painting and photography, founded in 1764 as an academy of arts. From 1950 onwards, it was officially called »Hochschule für Graphik und Buchkunst« (Academy of Fine Arts Leipzig).

 

Special photography school in Rudolstadt

Educational institution at which the graduates learnt to manage photography working groups independently. The purpose of this institution was not, however, to attain a professional qualification.

 

 

Art Nouveau

a style of art, during the transition from the 19th to the 20th century. It was characterised in particular by floral design forms, dynamic lines and symmetrical ornamentation. The Villa Esche and its park-like garden, which are part of the Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz, are a good example of a Gesamtkunstwerk or artistic synthesis in that style.

 

Unique piece

An individual item, something of which only one exists, making it the only one of its kind

 

 

 

Karl-Marx-Stadt

Name of the city of Chemnitz in the period from 1953 to 1990, given by a decision of the GDR government, despite the fact that the philosopher Karl Marx never actually visited. The city was intended to be built as a socialist model city with a monument dedicated to him.

 

East German artists’ association (VBK)

Professional organisation and lobby for artists, which existed from 1952 to 1990