Museum Gunzenhauser
15. Feb 2020 – 23. Aug 2020

Otto Dix and the New Objectivity

Otto Dix (1891–1969), Mädchen am Sonntag, 1921, Öl auf Leinwand auf Pappe auf Pressspan, 83,2 x 66 cm (restaurierte Leinwand), Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz – Museum Gunzenhauser, Eigentum der Stiftung Gunzenhauser, Chemnitz, Foto: Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz/László Tóth © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2020

Otto Dix and the New Objectivity

After Expressionist, Futurist, and Dadaist beginnings in the artistic work of Otto Dix, around 1921 there is a formal calming-down noticeable. The artist developed his very own critical realism, combining old-masterly technique with biting social criticism, and he became one of the most important protagonists of New Objectivity. Immediately after the National Socialist takeover, he was the first German artist to be dismissed from his academy professorship, in Dresden. He fled with his family to Hemmenhofen on Lake Constance and retreated to Inner Emigration in rural surroundings. Having lost his hitherto most important source of inspiration, the milieu of the big city, he now mainly creates landscape paintings, which are executed in the elaborate glaze technique of old German panel painting. In these compositions, created in his studio, Dix uses seemingly threatening forces of nature to reflect on current political events.

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Otto Dix (1891–1969), Mädchen am Sonntag, 1921, Öl auf Leinwand auf Pappe auf Pressspan, 83,2 x 66 cm (restaurierte Leinwand), Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz – Museum Gunzenhauser, Eigentum der Stiftung Gunzenhauser, Chemnitz, Foto: Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz/László Tóth © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2020
Otto Dix (1891–1969)
Mädchen am Sonntag, 1921
Otto Dix (1891–1969), Rothaarige Frau (Damenporträt), 1931, Mischtechnik auf Leinwand auf Tischlerplatte, 60,8 x 36,6 cm, Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz – Museum Gunzenhauser, Eigentum der Stiftung Gunzenhauser, Chemnitz, Foto: Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz/PUNCTUM/Bertram Kober © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2020
Otto Dix (1891–1969)
Rothaarige Frau (Damenporträt), 1931